Electric Field Models
A González-Suárez, B O’Brien, M O’Halloran et al
Bioengineering 2022

This electric field modelling study assessed the field strength distribution in the epicardial fat pads (where the ganglionated plexi are located) and the underlying myocardium, when monopolar pulses are applied. The field strength tends to concentrate within the fat layer, with a substantial drop off into the myocardium. This effect further explains the observed selectivity of ganglia ablation when the treatment is performed epicardially.