D Padmanabhan, N Naksuk, AK Killu et al
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2019.

This study was performed using sub-xiphoid access with acute measurements showing that ganglionated plexi ablation produced an extension in the atrial effective refractory period (AERP). Extensive histology evaluations at four month follow-up demonstrated ablation of ganglia structures with sparing of the myocardium. The animals were resistant to AF induction at four months.